What is prostate cancer Continue reading...

What is prostate cancer ? 29th November 2022

Many people wonder what is prostate cancer, it is the most common cancer in men. It is rare before the age of 50 and usually appears after the age of 65. Men with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to be affected. What is prostate cancer ? Prostate cancer is caused by... Continue reading
Plant Preservation Mixture (PPMTM) Continue reading...

Plant Preservation Mixture (PPMTM) 28th October 2022

Plant Preservation Mixture (PPMTM) is a robust, broad-spectrum biocide formulated for use in plant tissue cultures. PPMTM targets bacteria and fungi in plant tissue culture media as well as in contaminated tissue. What is Plant Preservative Mixture (PPM)? Plant Preservative Mixture (PPM), is a broad spectrum biocide/ for plant tissue culture. PPM is the ultimate... Continue reading
What is paraffin wax Continue reading...

What is paraffin wax? 27th October 2022

Paraffin wax is the most commonly used embedding medium for the preparation of histological slides. Since the fixed tissue is not miscible with the wax, selected pieces are passed in alcohol baths of increasing concentration to remove all water. The alcohol-saturated tissue is then transferred to an alcohol- and paraffin-miscible antifreeze. What is paraffin? Paraffin... Continue reading
IgA deficiency Immunoglobulin A Continue reading...

IgA deficiency – Immunoglobulin A 15th October 2022

Immunoglobulin A, IgA deficiency is the most common primary immunodeficiency, characterised by a decrease in serum deficiency and the concomitant absence of secretory IgA. Other immunoglobulin levels are normal. According to the International Consensus definition, the diagnosis is made in individuals over four years of age with blood IgA levels below 7 mg/dL but with... Continue reading
What are immunoglobulins (types, structure...) Continue reading...

What are immunoglobulins (types, structure…) 11th October 2022

Many people may wonder what are immunoglobulins and what types there are, in this article we will answer all the questions about their functions and immunoglobulin structure. Immunoglobulins, or antibodies, are Y-shaped proteins produced by specialised cells of the immune system called B cells and plasma cells. The immune system produces specific antibodies for each... Continue reading
what are second messengers systems Continue reading...

What are second messengers? 2nd October 2022

Many people will wonder what are second messengers, here we will solve all the doubts to make it clear. Second messengers are small molecules and ions that transmit signals received from cell surface receptors to effector proteins. They include a wide variety of chemical species and possess various properties that enable them to signal within... Continue reading
Lysosomes Structure Definition Functions Continue reading...

Lysosome: Definition, characteristics and function 29th September 2022

In this article we give you the definition of a lysosome, its characteristics and function, as well as its structure and types. Cells are units that function as small, precise machines that keep all the activities organisms need going. This work is carried out by organelles, which are small subunits within the cell. It is... Continue reading
Antigens and Antibodies Continue reading...

Antigens and Antibodies 22nd September 2022

We often have doubts about what antibodies and antigens are, in this article we will clarify all doubts in detail. Reactions between antigens and antibodies are very specific reactions. An antibody can only recognise a specific antigen or antigen determinant. However, when a determinant is common to several antigens, an antibody will be able to... Continue reading
Differences between qPCR and dPCR Continue reading...

Differences between qPCR and dPCR 20th September 2022

In this article we will discuss the differences between qPCR and dPCR for the sake of clarity. DNA amplification by PCR is now a fundamental laboratory technique, and innovations continue to expand its use in research laboratories and clinics. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) allows relative quantification of target DNA and is a reliable and well-established method... Continue reading